Giridih is one of the famous mining towns of Jharkhand. Located at the centre of North Chota Nagpur Division, Giridih shares its border with Nawada district of Bihar in North, Deoghar and Jamtara districts in the East, Hazaribagh and Koderma in the West and Dhanbad and Bokaro in the South. It is old and beautiful hamlet located amidst the hills which has attracted tourists from the neighbouring states. In 1972, Giridih district was newly formed which was earlier a part of Hazaribagh district. Spreading over 4853.56km.sq, Giridih is a storehouse of ruby mica and coal field.
The word “Giridih” means land of hills and hillocks which focuses the upland area of the region. Vast stretch of forests cover maximum part of the district. Sal tree is mostly found here apart from bamboo, Semal, Mahua and Palash. Giridih has a rich source of minerals Mica being one of them.
Parasnath Hills or Sri Sammeta Shikharji is the most important tourist spot of Giridih. It is pilgrimage centre for Jain people. 20-24 Jain Tirthankaras obtained salvation here. Jharkhand's highest mountain peak made of granite is located here.
Barakar and Sakri are two important rivers flowing through the district. Usri Falls is another captivating tourist spot. Situated at a distance of 13kms, the river here is seen falling from 40ft steep height.
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Khandoli Dam is an attractive water reservoir and dam. It is an interesting place for bird enthusiasts and adventure seekers who can indulge in boating, rock-climbing, parasailing and kayaking. Water sports can be enjoyed other than elephant and camel safari.
Harihar Dham is famous as a pilgrimage site. The largest Shivalinga of India is situated here. Dukhiya Mahadev Temple and Jharkhand Dham are some other pilgrimage centres. Jamua located 15kms from the township of Giridih is renowned for its scenic beauty and greenery all around.
Dry climate dominates Giridih while winters are cold and pleasant.
Railways and roadways are the principal means of transportation to and from Giridih. This place is well connected with significant places of West Bengal and Bihar.