The major caves of the Barabar Hills are broadly four in number. Lomas Rishi cave has an arch-like frontage and has extensive timber architecture. The doorway is adorned by a row of elephants proceeding towards stupa emblems, along the curvature of the cave.
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The Sudama cave was dedicated by Mauryan Emperor, Ashoka in 261 BC. Its arches are bow shaped and consist of a domed chamber in the midst of a rectangular mandapa. Karna Chaupar is a single room with polished surfaces and could be dated back to 245 BC. Visva Zopri consists of two rectangular rooms.