Vikramaśīla University was one of the two most important set of Buddhist learning in ancient India during the Pala dynasty. It had an equal footing along with Nālandā University in the domain of Buddhist learning. Vikramaśīla was established by King Dharmapala when he felt a decline in the quality of learning at Nālandā.
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The ruins of the ancient university are a sight of marvel as it is a huge square monastery with a stupa in the centre, a library building and cluster of stupas. A Tibetan and a Hindu temple have also been excavated.