Adilabad is a municipal town that lies within the Adilabad district and the town is also the headquarters for the district. Adilabad district is part of the south Indian state of Telengana. According to local legends, the place takes its name from that of Mohamed Adil Shah who was the quondam ruler of Bijapur.
Adilabad has a colorful history considering that it was the place of convergence for many cultures and religions. The region also enjoys the distinction of having been ruled by many north Indian dynasties that include the Mauryas, Bhonsle Rajas of Nagpur and the Mughals. Adilabad was also part of the south Indian rulers belonging to dynasties of Satavahanas, Vakatakas, Rashrakutas, Kakatiyas, Chalukyas and Imad Shahis of Berar. The reason behind this is the geographical location of the town. It lies on the border of both central and southern India which made the region vulnerable to attacks and invasions from both sides. As a result, the modern history of Adilabad is an interesting amalgamation of the Marathi and Telugu cultures. The local population of Adilabad follows traditions that are a mix of the two cultures, but these traditions have now become an integral part of the daily lives of the people. Also, the Bengali, Rajasthani and Gujarati cultures have found prevalence in the area.
Tourist Places in and around Adilabad
Adilabad is an important tourist destination of Telengana. Some places worth visiting at Adilabad are the Kuntala waterfalls, St Joseph’s cathedral, the Kadam Dam, Sadarmutt anicut, the Mahatma Gandhi Park and the Basara Saraswathi Temple.
The Golden Age of Adilabad
Adilabad gained maximum prominence during the time of the Mughals. Aurangzeb appointed an officer from his administration known as the Viceroy of Deccan, to take care of his kingdom down south. Under the reign of Aurangzeb, the region developed into a major financial and business hub. The town conducted import and export of spices, cloth and other products with neighbouring towns and cities and even with places as far as Delhi. Aurangzeb ensured that the economy of this region of Deccan was taken care of. He did so because he knew that in order to be recognised as the Emperor of India, he had to keep the Adilabad region of south India under his control.
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The economic condition of Adilabad was in a good position, but all this was to be changed when the East India Company came to Deccan. The Nizam traded Adilabad and the surrounding areas for money. During the 1860 revolt the people of Adilabad, under the leadership of Ramji Gond, revolted against this barter. Again in the 1940s the region of Adilabad played an important role in India’s struggle for complete independence.
Adilabad is easily accessible via road and trains. National Highway No. 7 passes through the town. The town is well connected by buses and private taxis that ply to and fro from the neighbouring towns and cities to Adilabad. The buses are not deluxe or air conditioned unless they are coming from Hyderabad or Mumbai. However, bus journey is quite comfortable since the roads are good. The biggest city near the town is that of Nagpur, but many people prefer traveling through Hyderabad to reach Adilabad.
The Adilabad Railway station is also well connected to major cities like Nagpur, Tirupati, Hyderabad, Nasik and more. Towns of Maharashtra like Nasik, Mumbai, Nagpur and Sholapur are also connected to Adilabad via trains. The airports nearest to the town are in Nagpur and Hyderabad. The Nagpur airport is a domestic airport but is well connected with the rest of India. The Hyderabad airport is an International airport and receives flights from major cities of India as well as the world.
Adilabad has a tropical climate with extremely hot summers and mildly cold winters. During the summer months it can get very hot, humid and stuffy. It is not advisable to plan a trip to Adilabad at this time of the year. The region does not receive heavy rainfall thus dams, and reservoirs have been constructed to meet the water demands of the town. Adilabad is quite pleasant during the winter months, and this is the time when many people prefer traveling to the town for sightseeing. However, tourists are advised to carry shawls and light jackets just in case it becomes cool during the evenings and at nights.